[ The 4 Tigers are the Asian countries of South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan and the city of Hong Kong. They are called the “Tigers” because their economics have expanded rapidly within the last 30 years and are now strong.
[ Abalone is a large shelled sea creature that is edible.
[ Alienation is the feeling of not belonging.
[ Amassed means piled up, accumulated.
[ Ancestor Worship Is an awe and love for both one’s family name and for one’s grandparents, great-grandparents, great-great grandparents, and so on.
[ Apathy is the feeling that nothing is worth caring about
[ Armistice is a truce, or a stop to fighting.
[ Assembly Lines have people who work side-by-side in factories. Each person has only one job to do, which he or she does over and over again. As the product moves down the assembly line, the next worker completes the next task in the process. By the time the product has reached the end of the assembly line, it has been completely put together.
[ Automation refers to using equipment that can function by itself, without human labor. Robots are an example of automation.
[ Benevolence is a word that means kindness, generosity and charity.
[ Buddhism is a religion which teaches how to meditate and follows the ideas of Buddha, who lived between 563 and 483 BCE.
[ Cartels are groups of producers who work together to gain a monopoly on the market by using such techniques as fixed prices and restricting production. A monopoly occurs when only one or a few companies control an industry.
[ Civil War is a war between citizens within one country.
[ Communal Spirit is a feeling that grows when a group of people work together and feel that they belong together.
[ Competitive Advantage describes a situation in which two products compete against each other. The one that does better than the other is said to have the competitive advantage.
[ Confrontation is an open clash between opposing individuals or groups.
[ Confucianism is a religion that teaches people to respect life and to respect their parents and ancestors. It is based on the teachings of Confucius, who lived from 551 to 479 BCE.
[ Constitutional Monarchy is a form of government in which the ruler (king, queen, emperor, empress) has only the powers given to him or her by the constitution and laws of the country. The ruler is called a constitutional monarch.
[ Controversial means open to debate or conflict
[ Cost efficiency means that products are made without wasting any time or money.
[ Cultivate means to develop and improve something
[ Culture is what makes one group or people different from another group of people.
[ Deference is the respect one shows for other people.
[ Deities are gods or goddesses
[ Depopulated means that many of the people who lived in a an area moved away leaving the area with fewer people.
[ Economic Sanctions are measures used by country to prevent other countries from doing things that they do not approve of.
[ Economy originally referred to as management. Rules and government of a household. When talking about the economy of a country, you are referring to the way that a country conducts business and industry and manages its money.
[ Enterprise family describes the family feeling in a company when the employer makes his or her employees feel like they are all part of a same family.
[ Entrance exams are tests that all students must take to gain admission to a college or university in Japan.
[ Eurasia is the area of land that includes both Europe and Asia.
[ Fascist person or group that believes in the political idea that the state’s needs should be given priority over the individual’s needs.
[ Feudal system, is a system in which an emperor rules and protects all the people in his land as long as they promise to serve and obey him.
[ Fusuma are sliding doors that separate rooms in a traditional Japanese home and they are usually decorated with pictures and patterns.
[ Futons are Japanese beds.
[ The Great Depression refers to the economic collapse of the western countries such as Canada, the US, Britain and Germany. The great depression began when the stock market crashed in 1929.
[ Gross Domestic Product refers to the value assigned to the goods and services that a nation has bought during a given year.
[ Harmonious refers to a condition on which things fit together in a balanced and beautiful way.
[ Hierarchical way of ordering things puts important things at the top and the fewer things at the bottom.
[ Imports are the products that one country buys from another.
[ Indochina is a term referring to the entire south East Asian peninsula consisting of Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
[ Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the late 1700’s when people began to invent machines to help them do their work. The machines increased the production of food and other goods, causing industries to develop.
[ Internal Problems are problems that occur within companies.
[ Introspection describes the way that a person examines how he or she is feeling.
[ Irrigation the first of the artificial watering of land usually done to promote the growth of crops.
[ Juku are private after-school lessons.
[ Kaiso is a type of seaweed.
[ Marugakae is a japans word describing the relationship between workers and bosses.
[ Mediterranean Conditions refers to the climate conditions like hose found around the Mediterranean Sea.
[ Minamata is the name both of a bay in Japan and a sickness that afflicted people who lived near the bay. The sickness began when people ate fish that contain mercury, which is poisonous.
[ Modest a modest person is someone who does not overstate his or her virtues.
[ Monsoons are strong winds that blow from one direction in summer and from another direction in winter.
[ National character describes the way that people in a country behave.
[ Nationalism refers to pride in and loyalty to your country.
[ Nostalgic means wishing that things were the way they were in the past.
[ A Nuclear Family is a family that has a father, a mother and children.
[ Ocean Currents are great streams of water that move through the ocean.
[ Organic Mercury is a poisonous substance that manufacturing companies produce as waste material.
[ Pensions are regular payments to people who do not earn salaries.
[ Post-war refers to the period in time after any war.
[ Precipitation is any form of water that falls to the earth, including snow, rain, sleet and hail.
[ Private firms are companies owned by individuals or group of individuals instead of the government. A company that is owned by the government is called a public firm.
[ Private sector is the part of a communities economy consisting of businesses owned by individuals or groups of individuals instead of the government.
[ Protectionism describes he policy that countries have to protect their industries from competition with foreign countries.
[ Purity cleanliness, innocence or fairness.
[ Quarantine refers to the act of being isolated to other people in order to prevent the spread of infectious disease.
[ Quinine Is a drug obtained from the bark of a tree.
[ Recession is a period in which the economy of a country or countries slows down temporarily.
[ Romanization refers to the Japanese word being converted from Kanji or Kana to the roman alphabet.
[ Rubber stamping is a phrase referring to approving something without much thought or without the power to refuse
[ Sake is a Japanese drink made from rice
[ Samurai a class of people who were originally warriors, who later became teachers.
[ Second Class Citizens refers to a group of people who are not given the same respect and perhaps rights that others are given.
[ Seishinseii is a Japanese word for sincerity.
[ Seniority is a statues that people earn from their experience, their long working record or their age.
[ Shinto is Japans main religion.
[ Showgun was the leader of the Samurai.
[ Social Welfare Programs are usually government-controlled programs that are set up to help people or who have little money or are ill.
[ Staple crop is the basic, most dependable crop grown in the country.
[ Strategic bombing refers to planned and organized bombing of specific targets
[ Tariff is a duty that the government places on imported or exported goods.
[ Tatami are woven straw hats that are used on the floors of Japanese homes.
[ Technical training refers to training in technology based jobs.
[ Temperate zone refers to two regions in the middle latitudes north and south of the equator.
[ Tolerant allow people to be as they are without judging them or condemning them
[ Typhoon means great wind. They are strong winds that form over the Pacific Ocean.
[ Unemployment refers to the state of not having a job
[ Universal Salvation refers to the religious belief that every person can be saved from evil
[ Urbanized means that an area has become more like a town or city than like a rural or country settingZaibatsu are the great holding companies in Japan based on family ties. A holding company is a company that owns stocks or bonds of other companies and therefore often controls them.